NZ Geoid 2009

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

2691
167
Updated
06 May 2014

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 06 May 2014.

The New Zealand Quasigeoid2009 (NZGeoid2009) can be used to convert GPS derived ellipsoidal heights to New Zealand Vertical Datum 2009 (NZVD2009) normal-orthometric heights that relate more closely to mean sea level and the local gravity field. NZGeoid2009 can also be used to transform heights to any of the 13 official local vertical datums used across New Zealand, more information on this transformation is available at www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/conversion-coordinates/h....

NZGeoid2009 is formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25004 which can be obtained from www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/standards-publications/s.... NZGeoid2009 models the difference between the GRS80 ellipsoid and the geoid over the New Zealand region. The geoid is a theoretical surface of equal gravity that roughly approximates the mean level of the sea across the Earth.

NZGeoid2009 is published by LINZ and was computed by enhancing the EGM2008 global gravity model with terrestrial gravity observations over New Zealand and DNSC08 satellite altimetry data over the oceans. The model is published on a one arc-minute grid covering New Zealand's extended exclusive economic zone.

The accuracy of NZGeoid2009 is nominally ±0.08 metres across New Zealand. More information on the accuracy in relation to the 13 local vertical datums is provided in LINZS25004.

Layer ID 51051
Data type Grid
Resolution About 1579.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Kaikoura Earthquake (14 Nov 2016) Geodetic Marks

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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2680
100
Updated
25 Jan 2017

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 25 Jan 2017.

For further information about this dataset, see the Kaikoura earthquake information.

It is likely that many of these coordinates will be updated multiple times as marks move due to aftershocks and ongoing post-seismic deformation. It is therefore critical that the datum version and coordinate epoch date are recorded with any coordinates sourced from this dataset, along with the date the coordinates were accessed or downloaded.

These coordinates are computed from Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) data and geodetic surveys undertaken after the 14 November 2016 Kaikoura earthquake. They reflect earthquake movements up until the epoch date that is associated with each coordinate. Where possible, coordinates sourced from this dataset for use as control or calibration points in a project should be at the same or similar epochs. If not, post-seismic deformation may mean that new observations or coordinates do not fit well with these coordinates. Coordinates used as control or calibration points should also be well-distributed over the project area, so that any discrepancies resulting from the survey date being significantly different from the coordinate epoch date can be identified. If such discrepancies are identified, it may be necessary to use the LINZ PositioNZ-PP online processing service to generate control coordinates at the same (or nearly the same) epoch as the survey date.

Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.5.48. The origin of non-CORS coordinates is PositioNZ CORS that have been updated to include earthquake movements.

The 95% confidence interval uncertainties of coordinates are 0.02m horizontally and 0.03m vertically, relative to the PositioNZ network, at the epoch specified. In areas experiencing significant ongoing seismic activity, coordinates at the same mark at other epochs may differ by more than these uncertainties.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial positioning activities in the area impacted by the Kaikoura earthquake.

Layer ID 53527
Data type Vector point
Feature count 158
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Quasigeoid 2016

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

2331
194
Updated
21 Jul 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 21 Jul 2016.

The relationship between the GRS80 ellipsoid and the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016) is modelled by the New Zealand Quasigeoid 2016 (NZGeoid2016). The relationship value is represented by the attribute “N”, in metres.

This relationship and NZVD2016 is formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

NZGeoid2016 can be used to convert New Zealand Geodetic Datum 2000 (NZGD2000) ellipsoidal heights to NZVD2016 normal-orthometric heights.

The conversion value is represented by the attribute “N”, in metres.

NZGeoid2016 is published on a one arc-minute grid (approximately 1.8 kilometres) over the New Zealand continental shelf (160° E to 170° W, 25° S to 60° S).

NZGeoid2016 was calculated by enhancing the EIGEN-6C4 global gravity model with, terrestrial, ship-track, satellite and airborne gravity data. GPS-levelling observations were not used to compute NZGeoid2016.

Users may also be interested in transforming heights to any of the 13 historic local vertical datums used in New Zealand using the appropriate datum relationship grid displayed in the NZ Height Conversion Index.

More information on these transformations is available on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53418
Data type Vector point
Feature count 3783901
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Simple

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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2234
92
Added
26 Apr 2013

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 26 Apr 2013.

The Canterbury region of New Zealand experienced a sequence of significant earthquakes during 2010 and 2011. These earthquakes occurred on 2010-09-04, 2011-02-22, 2011-06-13 and 2011-12-23. The coordinates in this layer account for all significant movements relating to these, so should be consistent with any observations made after the last earthquake to affect a given area (neglecting localised deformation such as that due to liquefaction).

Users may also be interested in the more comprehensive data in the companion layer Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Comprehensive.

These coordinates are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected. Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.3.61. Stations were constrained using coordinates calculated by GNS Science. Some coordinates were calculated from data provided by Christchurch City Council. No precise levelling data has been used.

The estimated accuracy is 0.02m horizontally and 0.03m vertically.

The deformation model igns2011_working.grd calculated from a model (v4) provided by GNS Science on 28 April 2011 was used to remove secular deformation.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

For further information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 51589
Data type Vector point
Feature count 719
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Canterbury Earthquake Precise-Levelling Heights (2010, 2011)

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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2099
100
Updated
04 Sep 2014

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 04 Sep 2014.

The Canterbury region of New Zealand experienced a sequence of significant earthquakes during 2010 and 2011. These earthquakes occurred on 2010-09-04, 2011-02-22, 2011-06-13 and 2011-12-23. Precise-levelling surveys have been carried out throughout Canterbury and Christchurch to re-establish heights after these earthquakes.

Users may also be interested in the horizontal coordinates derived from GNSS data in the companion layers Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Comprehensive and Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Simple

Horizontal Accuracy (standard deviation) approx 1m.
Vertical Accuracy of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 heights (standard deviation) 0.005m.

Heights generated from precise levelling data undertaken to a misclose standard (mm) of 5*sqrt(k) where k is the distance in kilometres. Precise levelling in the Christchurch area was undertaken after the 23 December 2011 earthquake. Other areas were levelled after the most recent earthquake to have affected heights in that area. Heights therefore represent the position of marks accounting for all four substantial Canterbury earthquakes.

These heights are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected.
Heights calculated using SNAP v2.3.64.
Heights were constrained using the pre-earthquake heights at geodetic codes AC9B, AFAQ, AG32 and B853. GNSS observations and modelling indicates that the height change of these marks was negligible.
Some heights were calculated from precise levelling data provided by Christchurch City Council.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

For further information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 51688
Data type Vector point
Feature count 600
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Auckland 1946 to NZVD2016 Conversion

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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1940
87
Updated
03 Aug 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 03 Aug 2016.

The AUK46-NZVD2016 grid enables the conversion of normal-orthometric heights from the Auckland 1946 local vertical datum to the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016).

The conversion value is represented by the attribute “O”, in metres.

This conversion and NZVD2016 are formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

AUK46-NZVD2016 is published on a two arc-minute grid (approximately 3.6 kilometres) extending over the benchmarks that nominally define the extent of the Auckland 1946 vertical datum (174.0° E to 176.2° E, 36.1° S to 38.0° S).

The height conversion grid models the difference between the Auckland 1946 vertical datum and NZVD2016 using the LINZ GPS-levelling marks. From the GPS-levelling marks the expected accuracy of AUK46-NZVD2016 is better than 2 centimetres (95% Confidence interval).

More information on converting heights between vertical datums can be found on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53417
Data type Vector point
Feature count 3886
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Antarctic Geodetic Marks

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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1741
60
Updated
12 Jan 2019

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 12 Jan 2019.

This dataset provides information about the position, position accuracy, mark name, mark type, condition and unique four letter code for geodetic marks in terms of New Zealand's official geodetic datum for the Ross Dependency.

This dataset only includes marks that are within Antarctica. These positions have been generated using geodetic observations such as precise differential GPS or electronic distance and theodolite angles measurements. The positions are either 2D or 3D depending of the availability of this measurement data.

The source data is from Land Information New Zealand's (LINZ) Landonline system where it is used by Land Surveyors. This dataset is updated daily to reflect changes made in the Landonline.

Accuracy

Geodetic marks with a coordinate order of 5 or less have been positioned in terms of Ross Sea Region Geodetic Datum 2000 (RSRGD2000) using precise differential GPS techniques. Marks with order 6 have been positioned in terms of RSRGD2000 using precise horizontal angles and distance measurements. Lower order marks (order 7 and greater) are derived from lower accuracy measurement techniques or historical datum transformations, and may be significantly less accurate.

The accuracy of RSRGD2000 coordinates is described by a series of 'orders' classifications. Positions in terms of RSRGD2000 are described by three-dimensional coordinates (latitude, longitude, ellipsoidal height). The accuracy of a survey mark is indicated by its order. Orders are classifications based on the quality of the coordinate in relation to the datum and in relation to other surrounding marks. For more information see www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/datums-projections-heigh...

Note that the accuracy applies at the time the mark was last surveyed. Refer to the web geodetic database for historical information about mark coordinates.

Note also that the existence of a mark in this dataset does not imply that there is currently a physical mark in the ground - the dataset includes destroyed or lost historical marks. The geodetic database provides more information on the mark status, valid at last time it was visited by LINZ.

Layer ID 50789
Data type Vector point
Feature count 468
Primary key id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Height Conversion Index

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

1695
69
Updated
09 Aug 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 09 Aug 2016.

This index enables users to identify the extent of the relationship grids provided on LDS, which are used to convert heights provided in terms of one of 13 historic local vertical datums to NZVD2016.

The polygons comprising the index show the extent of the conversion grids.

Users can view the following polygon attributes:
Shape_VDR: Vertical Datum Relationship grid area
LVD: Local Vertical Datum
Control: Number of control marks used to compute the relationship grid
Mean: Mean vertical datum relationship value at control points
Std: Standard deviation of vertical datum relationship value at control points
Min: Minimum vertical datum relationship value at control points
Max: Maximum vertical datum relationship value at control points
Range: Range of vertical datum relationship value at control points
Ref: Reference control mark for the local vertical datum
Ref_value: Vertical datum relationship value at the reference mark
Grid: Formal grid id

Users should note that the values represented in this dataset have been calculated with the outliers excluded. These same outliers were excluded during the computation of the relationship grids, but were included when calculating the 95% confidence intervals
More information on converting heights between vertical datums can be found on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53419
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 13
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Quasigeoid 2016 Raster

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

1459
93
Added
25 Jul 2016

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 25 Jul 2016.

New Zealand Quasigeoid 2016 Raster, provides users with a one arc-minute gridded (approximately 1.8 kilometres) raster image of the New Zealand Quasigeoid 2016 (NZGeoid2016).

The relationship between the GRS80 ellipsoid and the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016) is modelled by [NZGeoid2016] and is represented by the attribute “N”, in metres.(data.linz.govt.nz/layer/3418).
NZVD2016 is formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

Users may also be interested in transforming heights to any of the 13 historic local vertical datums used in New Zealand using the appropriate datum relationship grid displayed in the NZ Height Conversion Index.

More information on these transformations is available on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53447
Data type Grid
Resolution About 1579.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Antarctic Geodetic Vertical Marks

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

1460
38
Updated
12 Jan 2019

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 12 Jan 2019.

This dataset provides information about the position, height, height datum, height accuracy, mark name, mark type, condition and unique four letter identifier for geodetic marks that have an authoritative height in terms of a vertical datum.
Heights are in datums defined at www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/datums-projections-heigh....

All marks will have positions in terms of New Zealand’s official geodetic datum for Antarctica, Ross Sea Region Geodetic Datum 2000 (RSRGD2000). The horizontal positions of marks are provided for approximate location purposes only.

This dataset only includes marks that are within the Antarctic region. The height data for these marks have been generated primarily using precise vertical angle and slope distance measurements from datum tide gauges. Some have been generated from levelling data.

The source data is from Land Information New Zealand's (LINZ) Landonline system where it is used by Land Surveyors. This dataset is updated daily to reflect changes made in the Landonline.

Accuracy

The accuracy of normal-orthometric heights are described by height orders.

For more information see www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/datums-projections-heigh....

Note the accuracy applies at the time the mark was last surveyed - see the geodetic database for historical information about height coordinates.

Layer ID 50788
Data type Vector point
Feature count 279
Primary key id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed
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