NZ Protected Survey Marks

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

21999
1504
Updated
07 Dec 2019

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 07 Dec 2019.

This layer identifies critical survey marks which LINZ requires to be physically protected.

Thousands of vital survey marks exist in New Zealand. Many of them are below or at ground level and not noticed by most of us.

People involved in construction work are responsible for making sure survey marks are not damaged. When building works have the potential to destroy existing cadastral and geodetic marks, LINZ needs to be notified so that it can assess whether the marks should be reinstated or replaced. Find out more about looking after the national survey network

Please note there may be other important survey marks not identified on this layer, and that LINZ recommends consultation with a Licensed Cadastral surveyor before any construction or earthworks begin.

If you notice a damaged survey mark, you can report it to LINZ by filling out a form on this website

Layer ID 50839
Data type Vector point
Feature count 200176
Primary key id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Geodetic Marks

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

18025
3801
Updated
07 Dec 2019

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 07 Dec 2019.

This dataset provides information about the position, position accuracy, mark name, mark type, condition and unique four letter code for geodetic marks in terms of a New Zealand's official geodetic datum.

The dataset only contains marks that are within the New Zealand mainland and offshore islands. These positions have been generated using geodetic observations such as precise differential GPS or electronic distance and theodolite angles measurements. The positions are either 2D or 3D depending of the availability of this measurement data.

The source data is from Land Information New Zealand's (LINZ) Landonline system where it is used by Land Surveyors. This dataset is updated daily to reflect changes made in the Landonline.

Accuracy

Geodetic marks with a coordinate order of 5 or less have been positioned in terms of NZGD2000. Lower order marks (order 6 and greater) are derived from cadastral surveys, lower accuracy measurement techniques or inaccurate historical datum transformations, and may be significantly less accurate.

The accuracy of NZGD2000 coordinates is described by a series of 'orders' classifications. Positions in terms of NZGD2000 are described by three-dimensional coordinates (latitude, longitude, ellipsoidal height). The accuracy of a survey mark is indicated by its Order. Orders are classifications based on the quality of the coordinate in relation to the datum and in relation to other surrounding marks. For more information see www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/datums-projections-heigh...

Note that the accuracy applies at the time the mark was last surveyed. Refer to the web geodetic database for historical information about mark coordinates.

Note also that the existence of a mark in this dataset does not imply that there is currently a physical mark in the ground - the dataset includes destroyed or lost historical marks. The geodetic database provides more information on the mark status, valid at last time it was visited by LINZ or a maintenance contractor.

Layer ID 50787
Data type Vector point
Feature count 129831
Primary key id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Meridional Circuit Boundaries (NZGD2000)

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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13400
703
Updated
04 Jul 2011

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 04 Jul 2011.

The NZGD2000 Meridional Circuit Boundaries as defined by LINZ. The Rules for Cadastral Survey require surveyors to carry out surveys in terms of one of 28 Transverse Mercator meridional circuits.

The cos_id contained within this data is a reference to the Landonline coordinate system identifier For more information see crs_coordinate_system in the Landonline BDE data dictionary documentation

Original data sourced from here

Layer ID 50817
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 28
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Geodetic Vertical Marks

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

10901
1784
Updated
07 Dec 2019

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 07 Dec 2019.

This dataset provides information about the position, height, height datum, height accuracy, mark name, mark type, condition and unique four letter identifier for geodetic marks that have an authoritative height in terms of a vertical datum. Heights are in datums defined at www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/datums-projections-heigh....

All marks will have positions in terms a 3D New Zealand official geodetic datum. The horizontal positions of marks are provided for approximate location purposes only .

This dataset only contains marks that are within the New Zealand mainland and offshore islands. The height data for these marks have been generated using precise levelling from datum tide gauges, or has been acquired by 3rd party sources either as levelling observations or direct heights.

The source data is from Land Information New Zealand's (LINZ) Landonline system where it is used by Land Surveyors. This dataset is updated daily to reflect changes made in the Landonline.

Accuracy

The accuracy of normal-orthometric heights are described by height orders.

For more information see www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/datums-projections-heigh....

Note the accuracy applies at the time the mark was last surveyed - see the geodetic database for historical information about height coordinates.

Layer ID 50784
Data type Vector point
Feature count 102511
Primary key id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Survey Control Networks

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

10520
1142
Updated
07 Dec 2019

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 07 Dec 2019.

This dataset provides information about the survey control network, position, position accuracy, mark name, mark type, condition and unique four letter code for geodetic marks in terms of New Zealand's official geodetic datum, New Zealand Geodetic Datum 2000 (NZGD2000).

The dataset only contains marks that are within the New Zealand mainland and offshore islands. These positions have been generated using geodetic observations such as precise differential GPS or electronic distance and theodolite angle measurements. The positions are either 2D or 3D depending of the availability of this measurement data.

The source data is from Land Information New Zealand's (LINZ) Landonline system where it is used by Land Surveyors. This dataset is updated daily to reflect changes made in the Landonline.

The mark network is segmented into six control networks which provide control marks for specific purposes. The control_network field within this layer records this network with the 3 or 4 letter abbreviation code as follows:

NRF - National Reference Frame NDMN - National Deformation Monitoring Network RDMN - Regional Deformation Monitoring Network LDMN - Local Deformation Monitoring Network CHN - Cadastral Horizontal Control Network CVN - Cadastral Vertical Control Network BGN - Basic Geospatial Network NHN - National Height Network

Note a geodetic mark can be in more than network. Also not all geodetic marks are currently associated with a geodetic network. Those that are may be referred to as a control mark. For more information about the control networks refer to www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/geodetic-programme/surve....

Accuracy

Geodetic marks with a coordinate order of 5 or less have been positioned in terms of NZGD2000. Lower order marks (order 6 and greater) are derived from cadastral surveys, lower accuracy measurement techniques or inaccurate historical datum transformations, and may be significantly less accurate.

The accuracy of NZGD2000 coordinates is described by a series of 'orders' classifications. Positions in terms of NZGD2000 are described by three-dimensional coordinates (latitude, longitude, ellipsoidal height). The accuracy of a survey mark is indicated by its order. Orders are classifications based on the quality of the coordinate in relation to the datum and in relation to other surrounding marks. For more information see www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/datums-projections-heigh...

Note that the accuracy applies at the time the mark was last surveyed. Refer to the web geodetic database for historical information about mark coordinates.

Note also that the existence of a mark in this dataset does not imply that there is currently a physical mark in the ground - the dataset includes destroyed or lost historical marks. The geodetic database provides more information on the mark status, valid at last time it was visited by LINZ or a maintenance contractor.

Layer ID 50786
Data type Vector point
Feature count 117753
Primary key id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Government GNSS CORS

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

9156
202
Updated
22 Aug 2019

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 22 Aug 2019.

The NZGD2000 Government CORS provides the locations of GNSS Continuously Operating Reference Stations operated by GNS Science under the GeoNet project (www.geonet.org.nz). Coordinates are from the LINZ Geodetic Database, in NZGD2000.

These are split into several different networks:

  • PositioNZ - stations predominantly funded by LINZ, with some GeoNet funding. These provide a nationwide coverage of ~120km spacing. More info here
  • GeoNet - stations funded by the GeoNet project. These are located in areas of geophysical interest, usually on the East Coast of the North Island. More info here
  • SAGENZ - stations funded by the University of Otago, GNS Science, MIT, University of Colorado and UNAVCO. These Southern Alps Geodetic Experiment - New Zealand stations are generally semi-continuous sites.
  • Tide Gauge - stations co-located with tide gauges at major ports. Data is managed through the GeoNet project also.

30" RINEX data from all of these sites is available from the GeoNet website

Real Time data is available from all PositioNZ stations, and some GeoNet stations. For more information, see the PositioNZ-RT website

Layer ID 51029
Data type Vector point
Feature count 196
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Comprehensive

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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6227
250
Added
26 Apr 2013

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 26 Apr 2013.

The Canterbury region of New Zealand experienced a sequence of significant earthquakes during 2010 and 2011. These earthquakes occurred on 2010-09-04, 2011-02-22, 2011-06-13 and 2011-12-23. This layer contains coordinates computed from GNSS fast static and network RTK surveys undertaken after the Canterbury earthquakes. It also includes Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 and Christchurch Drainage Datum heights, derived from the GNSS data.

Users may also be interested in the simplified data in the companion layer Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Simple.

These coordinates are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected. Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.3.61. Stations were constrained using coordinates calculated by GNS Science. Some coordinates were calculated from data provided by Christchurch City Council and other public and private organisations. No precise levelling data has been used.

The uncertainty (one standard deviation) is 0.02m horizontally, and 0.03m vertically for NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights. The uncertainty (one standard deviation) of the Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 and Christchurch Drainage Datum heights is 0.05m.

The coordinates calculated prior to 2010-09-04 have been calculated from a combined adjustment including LINZ data and additional data provided by public and private organisations. These coordinates differ from those in the Geodetic Database and more accurately reflect the position of the mark immediately prior to the 2010-09-04 earthquake.

The deformation model igns2011_working.grd calculated from a model (v4) provided by GNS Science on 28 April 2011 was used to remove secular deformation.

Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 heights have been computed from NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights by subtracting NZGeoid2009 geoid heights and adding an offset of 0.47m to bring in terms of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937. Christchurch Drainage Datum (CDD) heights have been computed in the Christchurch area from NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights by subtracting NZGeoid2009 geoid heights and adding an offset of 0.523m (specifically calculated for Christchurch City) to bring in terms of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 (for Christchurch) and a further offset of 9.04m to bring in terms of CDD.

The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2010-09-04 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Darfield_Sep2010_model_8.5_grid_displacements_calcs.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-02-22 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Feb2011_geodetic_source_model_3.21.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-06-13 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Jun2011_geodetic_source_model_0.4.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-12-23 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Dec2011_geodetic_source_model_0.2.xls).

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

For full information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 51588
Data type Vector point
Feature count 818
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZGD2000 deformation model version 2013-08-01 reverse patch coordinate shifts contours

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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6006
49
Updated
14 Jun 2013

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 14 Jun 2013.

The deformation model associated with the NZGD2000 datum was updated, nominally at 1 August 2013. The actual update of LINZ data took place on 14-15 December 2013. This update involved reverse patches, which means that the "reference coordinates" of features were updated. The main updates relate to the Christchurch earthquakes. The patch also updated coordinates affected by other South Island earthquakes since 2000.

These updates have been incorporated into Landonline and resulted in spatial updates to all features in the affected areas.

This data set contains contours indicating the extent and magnitude of the coordinate changes to assist in assessing the impact of this update on client data sets. This dataset is also available as a multipolygon.

For more information see here

Layer ID 51684
Data type Vector multilinestring
Feature count 7
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Auckland 1946 to NZVD2016 Conversion

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

6045
141
Updated
03 Aug 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 03 Aug 2016.

The AUK46-NZVD2016 grid enables the conversion of normal-orthometric heights from the Auckland 1946 local vertical datum to the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016).

The conversion value is represented by the attribute “O”, in metres.

This conversion and NZVD2016 are formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

AUK46-NZVD2016 is published on a two arc-minute grid (approximately 3.6 kilometres) extending over the benchmarks that nominally define the extent of the Auckland 1946 vertical datum (174.0° E to 176.2° E, 36.1° S to 38.0° S).

The height conversion grid models the difference between the Auckland 1946 vertical datum and NZVD2016 using the LINZ GPS-levelling marks. From the GPS-levelling marks the expected accuracy of AUK46-NZVD2016 is better than 2 centimetres (95% Confidence interval).

More information on converting heights between vertical datums can be found on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53417
Data type Vector point
Feature count 3886
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Quasigeoid 2016

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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5724
303
Updated
21 Jul 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 21 Jul 2016.

The relationship between the GRS80 ellipsoid and the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016) is modelled by the New Zealand Quasigeoid 2016 (NZGeoid2016). The relationship value is represented by the attribute “N”, in metres.

This relationship and NZVD2016 is formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

NZGeoid2016 can be used to convert New Zealand Geodetic Datum 2000 (NZGD2000) ellipsoidal heights to NZVD2016 normal-orthometric heights.

The conversion value is represented by the attribute “N”, in metres.

NZGeoid2016 is published on a one arc-minute grid (approximately 1.8 kilometres) over the New Zealand continental shelf (160° E to 170° W, 25° S to 60° S).

NZGeoid2016 was calculated by enhancing the EIGEN-6C4 global gravity model with, terrestrial, ship-track, satellite and airborne gravity data. GPS-levelling observations were not used to compute NZGeoid2016.

Users may also be interested in transforming heights to any of the 13 historic local vertical datums used in New Zealand using the appropriate datum relationship grid displayed in the NZ Height Conversion Index.

More information on these transformations is available on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53418
Data type Vector point
Feature count 3783901
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed
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