Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Comprehensive

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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31786
303
Added
26 Apr 2013

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 26 Apr 2013.

The Canterbury region of New Zealand experienced a sequence of significant earthquakes during 2010 and 2011. These earthquakes occurred on 2010-09-04, 2011-02-22, 2011-06-13 and 2011-12-23. This layer contains coordinates computed from GNSS fast static and network RTK surveys undertaken after the Canterbury earthquakes. It also includes Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 and Christchurch Drainage Datum heights, derived from the GNSS data.

Users may also be interested in the simplified data in the companion layer Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Simple.

These coordinates are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected. Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.3.61. Stations were constrained using coordinates calculated by GNS Science. Some coordinates were calculated from data provided by Christchurch City Council and other public and private organisations. No precise levelling data has been used.

The uncertainty (one standard deviation) is 0.02m horizontally, and 0.03m vertically for NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights. The uncertainty (one standard deviation) of the Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 and Christchurch Drainage Datum heights is 0.05m.

The coordinates calculated prior to 2010-09-04 have been calculated from a combined adjustment including LINZ data and additional data provided by public and private organisations. These coordinates differ from those in the Geodetic Database and more accurately reflect the position of the mark immediately prior to the 2010-09-04 earthquake.

The deformation model igns2011_working.grd calculated from a model (v4) provided by GNS Science on 28 April 2011 was used to remove secular deformation.

Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 heights have been computed from NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights by subtracting NZGeoid2009 geoid heights and adding an offset of 0.47m to bring in terms of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937. Christchurch Drainage Datum (CDD) heights have been computed in the Christchurch area from NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights by subtracting NZGeoid2009 geoid heights and adding an offset of 0.523m (specifically calculated for Christchurch City) to bring in terms of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 (for Christchurch) and a further offset of 9.04m to bring in terms of CDD.

The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2010-09-04 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Darfield_Sep2010_model_8.5_grid_displacements_calcs.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-02-22 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Feb2011_geodetic_source_model_3.21.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-06-13 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Jun2011_geodetic_source_model_0.4.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-12-23 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Dec2011_geodetic_source_model_0.2.xls).

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

For full information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 51588
Data type Vector point
Feature count 818
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Moturiki 1953 to NZVD2016 Conversion

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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36802
323
Added
04 Aug 2016

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 04 Aug 2016.

The MOT53-NZVD2016 grid enables the conversion of normal-orthometric heights from the Moturiki 1953 local vertical datum to the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016).

The conversion value is represented by the attribute “O”, in metres.

This conversion and NZVD2016 are formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

MOT53-NZVD2016 is published on a two arc-minute grid (approximately 3.6 kilometres) extending over the benchmarks that nominally define the extent of the Moturiki 1953 vertical datum (174.5° E to 178.26° E, 36.5° S to 40.7° S).

The height conversion grid models the difference between the Moturiki 1953 vertical datum and NZVD2016 using the LINZ GPS-levelling marks. From the GPS-levelling marks the expected accuracy of MOT53-NZVD2016 is better than 2 centimetres (95% Confidence interval).

More information on converting heights between vertical datums can be found on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53448
Data type Vector point
Feature count 14364
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Dunedin 1958 to NZVD2016 Conversion Raster

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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10143
51
Added
07 Oct 2019

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 07 Oct 2019.

The Dunedin 1958 to NZVD2016 Conversion Raster provides users with a two arc-minute (approximately 3.6 kilometres) raster image of the conversion of normal-orthometric heights from the Dunedin 1958 local vertical datum to the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016).

The conversion value is represented by the attribute “O”, in metres.
This conversion and NZVD2016 are formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

The height conversion grid models the difference between the Dunedin 1958 vertical datum and NZVD2016 using the LINZ GPS-levelling marks. From the GPS-levelling marks the expected accuracy is better than 2 centimetres (95% Confidence interval).

More information on converting heights between vertical datums can be found on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 103955
Data type Grid
Resolution About 3111.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Auckland 1946 to NZGD2000 Conversion

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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25100
97
Updated
02 Aug 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 02 Aug 2016.

The AUK46-NZGD2000 grid enables the conversion of normal-orthometric heights from the Auckland 1946 local vertical datum directly to New Zealand Geodetic Datum 2000 (NZGD2000) ellipsoidal heights.

AUK46-NZGD2000 is published on a one arc-minute grid (approximately 1.8 kilometres) extending over the benchmarks that nominally define the extent of the Auckland 1946 vertical datum (174.0° E to 176.2° E, 36.1° S to 38.0° S).

The conversion value is represented by the attribute “delta”, in metres.

This grid is a combination of New Zealand Quasigeoid 2016 NZGeoid2016 and the AUK46-NZVD2016 height conversion grid. Where NZGeoid2016 is the reference surface for the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016), while the AUK46-NZVD2016 grid models the difference between the Auckland 1946 vertical datum and NZVD2016 using the LINZ GPS-levelling marks.

More information on converting heights between vertical datums can be found on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53416
Data type Vector point
Feature count 15295
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Kaikoura Earthquake (14 Nov 2016) Geodetic Marks

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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24586
153
Updated
25 Jan 2017

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 25 Jan 2017.

For further information about this dataset, see the Kaikoura earthquake information.

It is likely that many of these coordinates will be updated multiple times as marks move due to aftershocks and ongoing post-seismic deformation. It is therefore critical that the datum version and coordinate epoch date are recorded with any coordinates sourced from this dataset, along with the date the coordinates were accessed or downloaded.

These coordinates are computed from Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) data and geodetic surveys undertaken after the 14 November 2016 Kaikoura earthquake. They reflect earthquake movements up until the epoch date that is associated with each coordinate. Where possible, coordinates sourced from this dataset for use as control or calibration points in a project should be at the same or similar epochs. If not, post-seismic deformation may mean that new observations or coordinates do not fit well with these coordinates. Coordinates used as control or calibration points should also be well-distributed over the project area, so that any discrepancies resulting from the survey date being significantly different from the coordinate epoch date can be identified. If such discrepancies are identified, it may be necessary to use the LINZ PositioNZ-PP online processing service to generate control coordinates at the same (or nearly the same) epoch as the survey date.

Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.5.48. The origin of non-CORS coordinates is PositioNZ CORS that have been updated to include earthquake movements.

The 95% confidence interval uncertainties of coordinates are 0.02m horizontally and 0.03m vertically, relative to the PositioNZ network, at the epoch specified. In areas experiencing significant ongoing seismic activity, coordinates at the same mark at other epochs may differ by more than these uncertainties.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial positioning activities in the area impacted by the Kaikoura earthquake.

Layer ID 53527
Data type Vector point
Feature count 158
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Geoid 2009

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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17756
253
Updated
06 May 2014

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 06 May 2014.

The New Zealand Quasigeoid2009 (NZGeoid2009) can be used to convert GPS derived ellipsoidal heights to New Zealand Vertical Datum 2009 (NZVD2009) normal-orthometric heights that relate more closely to mean sea level and the local gravity field. NZGeoid2009 can also be used to transform heights to any of the 13 official local vertical datums used across New Zealand, more information on this transformation is available at www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/conversion-coordinates/h....

NZGeoid2009 is formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25004 which can be obtained from www.linz.govt.nz/geodetic/standards-publications/s.... NZGeoid2009 models the difference between the GRS80 ellipsoid and the geoid over the New Zealand region. The geoid is a theoretical surface of equal gravity that roughly approximates the mean level of the sea across the Earth.

NZGeoid2009 is published by LINZ and was computed by enhancing the EGM2008 global gravity model with terrestrial gravity observations over New Zealand and DNSC08 satellite altimetry data over the oceans. The model is published on a one arc-minute grid covering New Zealand's extended exclusive economic zone.

The accuracy of NZGeoid2009 is nominally ±0.08 metres across New Zealand. More information on the accuracy in relation to the 13 local vertical datums is provided in LINZS25004.

Layer ID 51051
Data type Grid
Resolution About 1579.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Quasigeoid 2016

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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32768
456
Updated
21 Jul 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 21 Jul 2016.

The relationship between the GRS80 ellipsoid and the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016) is modelled by the New Zealand Quasigeoid 2016 (NZGeoid2016). The relationship value is represented by the attribute “N”, in metres.

This relationship and NZVD2016 is formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

NZGeoid2016 can be used to convert New Zealand Geodetic Datum 2000 (NZGD2000) ellipsoidal heights to NZVD2016 normal-orthometric heights.

The conversion value is represented by the attribute “N”, in metres.

NZGeoid2016 is published on a one arc-minute grid (approximately 1.8 kilometres) over the New Zealand continental shelf (160° E to 170° W, 25° S to 60° S).

NZGeoid2016 was calculated by enhancing the EIGEN-6C4 global gravity model with, terrestrial, ship-track, satellite and airborne gravity data. GPS-levelling observations were not used to compute NZGeoid2016.

Users may also be interested in transforming heights to any of the 13 historic local vertical datums used in New Zealand using the appropriate datum relationship grid displayed in the NZ Height Conversion Index.

More information on these transformations is available on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53418
Data type Vector point
Feature count 3783901
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Canterbury Earthquake Precise-Levelling Heights (2010, 2011)

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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28116
127
Updated
04 Sep 2014

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 04 Sep 2014.

The Canterbury region of New Zealand experienced a sequence of significant earthquakes during 2010 and 2011. These earthquakes occurred on 2010-09-04, 2011-02-22, 2011-06-13 and 2011-12-23. Precise-levelling surveys have been carried out throughout Canterbury and Christchurch to re-establish heights after these earthquakes.

Users may also be interested in the horizontal coordinates derived from GNSS data in the companion layers Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Comprehensive and Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Simple

Horizontal Accuracy (standard deviation) approx 1m.
Vertical Accuracy of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 heights (standard deviation) 0.005m.

Heights generated from precise levelling data undertaken to a misclose standard (mm) of 5*sqrt(k) where k is the distance in kilometres. Precise levelling in the Christchurch area was undertaken after the 23 December 2011 earthquake. Other areas were levelled after the most recent earthquake to have affected heights in that area. Heights therefore represent the position of marks accounting for all four substantial Canterbury earthquakes.

These heights are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected.
Heights calculated using SNAP v2.3.64.
Heights were constrained using the pre-earthquake heights at geodetic codes AC9B, AFAQ, AG32 and B853. GNSS observations and modelling indicates that the height change of these marks was negligible.
Some heights were calculated from precise levelling data provided by Christchurch City Council.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

For further information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 51688
Data type Vector point
Feature count 600
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Quasigeoid 2016 Raster

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

12420
336
Added
25 Jul 2016

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 25 Jul 2016.

New Zealand Quasigeoid 2016 Raster, provides users with a one arc-minute gridded (approximately 1.8 kilometres) raster image of the New Zealand Quasigeoid 2016 (NZGeoid2016).

The relationship between the GRS80 ellipsoid and the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016) is modelled by [NZGeoid2016] and is represented by the attribute “N”, in metres.(data.linz.govt.nz/layer/3418).
NZVD2016 is formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

Users may also be interested in transforming heights to any of the 13 historic local vertical datums used in New Zealand using the appropriate datum relationship grid displayed in the NZ Height Conversion Index.

More information on these transformations is available on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53447
Data type Grid
Resolution About 1579.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Gisborne 1926 to NZVD2016 Conversion

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

22819
42
Updated
03 Aug 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 03 Aug 2016.

The GSB26-NZVD2016 grid enables the conversion of normal-orthometric heights from the Gisborne 1926 local vertical datum to the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016).

The conversion value is represented by the attribute “O”, in metres.

This conversion and NZVD2016 are formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

GSB26-NZVD2016 is published on a two arc-minute grid (approximately 3.6 kilometres) extending over the benchmarks that nominally define the extent of the Gisborne 1926 vertical datum (177.0° E to 178.6° E, 37.4° S to 39.0° S).

The height conversion grid models the difference between the Gisborne 1926 vertical datum and NZVD2016 using the LINZ GPS-levelling marks. From the GPS-levelling marks the expected accuracy of GSB26-NZVD2016 is better than 2 centimetres (95% Confidence interval).

More information on converting heights between vertical datums can be found on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53430
Data type Vector point
Feature count 2401
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed
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