Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Comprehensive

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

6125
228
Added
26 Apr 2013

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 26 Apr 2013.

The Canterbury region of New Zealand experienced a sequence of significant earthquakes during 2010 and 2011. These earthquakes occurred on 2010-09-04, 2011-02-22, 2011-06-13 and 2011-12-23. This layer contains coordinates computed from GNSS fast static and network RTK surveys undertaken after the Canterbury earthquakes. It also includes Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 and Christchurch Drainage Datum heights, derived from the GNSS data.

Users may also be interested in the simplified data in the companion layer Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Simple.

These coordinates are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected. Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.3.61. Stations were constrained using coordinates calculated by GNS Science. Some coordinates were calculated from data provided by Christchurch City Council and other public and private organisations. No precise levelling data has been used.

The uncertainty (one standard deviation) is 0.02m horizontally, and 0.03m vertically for NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights. The uncertainty (one standard deviation) of the Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 and Christchurch Drainage Datum heights is 0.05m.

The coordinates calculated prior to 2010-09-04 have been calculated from a combined adjustment including LINZ data and additional data provided by public and private organisations. These coordinates differ from those in the Geodetic Database and more accurately reflect the position of the mark immediately prior to the 2010-09-04 earthquake.

The deformation model igns2011_working.grd calculated from a model (v4) provided by GNS Science on 28 April 2011 was used to remove secular deformation.

Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 heights have been computed from NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights by subtracting NZGeoid2009 geoid heights and adding an offset of 0.47m to bring in terms of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937. Christchurch Drainage Datum (CDD) heights have been computed in the Christchurch area from NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights by subtracting NZGeoid2009 geoid heights and adding an offset of 0.523m (specifically calculated for Christchurch City) to bring in terms of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 (for Christchurch) and a further offset of 9.04m to bring in terms of CDD.

The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2010-09-04 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Darfield_Sep2010_model_8.5_grid_displacements_calcs.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-02-22 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Feb2011_geodetic_source_model_3.21.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-06-13 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Jun2011_geodetic_source_model_0.4.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-12-23 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Dec2011_geodetic_source_model_0.2.xls).

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

For full information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 51588
Data type Vector point
Feature count 818
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZGD2000 deformation model version 2013-08-01 reverse patch coordinate shifts contours

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

4351
49
Updated
14 Jun 2013

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 14 Jun 2013.

The deformation model associated with the NZGD2000 datum was updated, nominally at 1 August 2013. The actual update of LINZ data took place on 14-15 December 2013. This update involved reverse patches, which means that the "reference coordinates" of features were updated. The main updates relate to the Christchurch earthquakes. The patch also updated coordinates affected by other South Island earthquakes since 2000.

These updates have been incorporated into Landonline and resulted in spatial updates to all features in the affected areas.

This data set contains contours indicating the extent and magnitude of the coordinate changes to assist in assessing the impact of this update on client data sets. This dataset is also available as a multipolygon.

For more information see here

Layer ID 51684
Data type Vector multilinestring
Feature count 7
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZGD2000 deformation model version 2013-08-01 reverse patch coordinate shifts filled contours

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3960
44
Updated
14 Jun 2013

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 14 Jun 2013.

The deformation model associated with the NZGD2000 datum was updated, nominally at 1 August 2013. The actual update of LINZ data took place on 14-15 December 2013. This update involved reverse patches, which means that the "reference coordinates" of features were updated. The main updates relate to the Christchurch earthquakes. The patch also updated coordinates affected by other South Island earthquakes since 2000.

These updates have been incorporated into Landonline and resulted in spatial updates to all features in the affected areas.

This data set contains contours indicating the extent and magnitude of the coordinate changes to assist in assessing the impact of this update on client data sets. This dataset is also available as a polyline.

For more information see here

Layer ID 51685
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 7
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Quasigeoid 2016

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3738
246
Updated
21 Jul 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 21 Jul 2016.

The relationship between the GRS80 ellipsoid and the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016) is modelled by the New Zealand Quasigeoid 2016 (NZGeoid2016). The relationship value is represented by the attribute “N”, in metres.

This relationship and NZVD2016 is formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

NZGeoid2016 can be used to convert New Zealand Geodetic Datum 2000 (NZGD2000) ellipsoidal heights to NZVD2016 normal-orthometric heights.

The conversion value is represented by the attribute “N”, in metres.

NZGeoid2016 is published on a one arc-minute grid (approximately 1.8 kilometres) over the New Zealand continental shelf (160° E to 170° W, 25° S to 60° S).

NZGeoid2016 was calculated by enhancing the EIGEN-6C4 global gravity model with, terrestrial, ship-track, satellite and airborne gravity data. GPS-levelling observations were not used to compute NZGeoid2016.

Users may also be interested in transforming heights to any of the 13 historic local vertical datums used in New Zealand using the appropriate datum relationship grid displayed in the NZ Height Conversion Index.

More information on these transformations is available on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53418
Data type Vector point
Feature count 3783901
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Auckland 1946 to NZVD2016 Conversion

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3642
111
Updated
03 Aug 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 03 Aug 2016.

The AUK46-NZVD2016 grid enables the conversion of normal-orthometric heights from the Auckland 1946 local vertical datum to the New Zealand Vertical Datum 2016 (NZVD2016).

The conversion value is represented by the attribute “O”, in metres.

This conversion and NZVD2016 are formally defined in the LINZ standard LINZS25009.

AUK46-NZVD2016 is published on a two arc-minute grid (approximately 3.6 kilometres) extending over the benchmarks that nominally define the extent of the Auckland 1946 vertical datum (174.0° E to 176.2° E, 36.1° S to 38.0° S).

The height conversion grid models the difference between the Auckland 1946 vertical datum and NZVD2016 using the LINZ GPS-levelling marks. From the GPS-levelling marks the expected accuracy of AUK46-NZVD2016 is better than 2 centimetres (95% Confidence interval).

More information on converting heights between vertical datums can be found on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53417
Data type Vector point
Feature count 3886
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Kaikoura Earthquake (14 Nov 2016) Geodetic Marks

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3810
111
Updated
25 Jan 2017

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 25 Jan 2017.

For further information about this dataset, see the Kaikoura earthquake information.

It is likely that many of these coordinates will be updated multiple times as marks move due to aftershocks and ongoing post-seismic deformation. It is therefore critical that the datum version and coordinate epoch date are recorded with any coordinates sourced from this dataset, along with the date the coordinates were accessed or downloaded.

These coordinates are computed from Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) data and geodetic surveys undertaken after the 14 November 2016 Kaikoura earthquake. They reflect earthquake movements up until the epoch date that is associated with each coordinate. Where possible, coordinates sourced from this dataset for use as control or calibration points in a project should be at the same or similar epochs. If not, post-seismic deformation may mean that new observations or coordinates do not fit well with these coordinates. Coordinates used as control or calibration points should also be well-distributed over the project area, so that any discrepancies resulting from the survey date being significantly different from the coordinate epoch date can be identified. If such discrepancies are identified, it may be necessary to use the LINZ PositioNZ-PP online processing service to generate control coordinates at the same (or nearly the same) epoch as the survey date.

Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.5.48. The origin of non-CORS coordinates is PositioNZ CORS that have been updated to include earthquake movements.

The 95% confidence interval uncertainties of coordinates are 0.02m horizontally and 0.03m vertically, relative to the PositioNZ network, at the epoch specified. In areas experiencing significant ongoing seismic activity, coordinates at the same mark at other epochs may differ by more than these uncertainties.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial positioning activities in the area impacted by the Kaikoura earthquake.

Layer ID 53527
Data type Vector point
Feature count 158
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Canterbury Earthquake Precise-Levelling Heights (2010, 2011)

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3132
108
Updated
04 Sep 2014

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 04 Sep 2014.

The Canterbury region of New Zealand experienced a sequence of significant earthquakes during 2010 and 2011. These earthquakes occurred on 2010-09-04, 2011-02-22, 2011-06-13 and 2011-12-23. Precise-levelling surveys have been carried out throughout Canterbury and Christchurch to re-establish heights after these earthquakes.

Users may also be interested in the horizontal coordinates derived from GNSS data in the companion layers Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Comprehensive and Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Simple

Horizontal Accuracy (standard deviation) approx 1m.
Vertical Accuracy of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 heights (standard deviation) 0.005m.

Heights generated from precise levelling data undertaken to a misclose standard (mm) of 5*sqrt(k) where k is the distance in kilometres. Precise levelling in the Christchurch area was undertaken after the 23 December 2011 earthquake. Other areas were levelled after the most recent earthquake to have affected heights in that area. Heights therefore represent the position of marks accounting for all four substantial Canterbury earthquakes.

These heights are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected.
Heights calculated using SNAP v2.3.64.
Heights were constrained using the pre-earthquake heights at geodetic codes AC9B, AFAQ, AG32 and B853. GNSS observations and modelling indicates that the height change of these marks was negligible.
Some heights were calculated from precise levelling data provided by Christchurch City Council.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

For further information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 51688
Data type Vector point
Feature count 600
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Canterbury Earthquake (14 Feb 2016) Geodetic Marks

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3141
71
Updated
20 Jun 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 20 Jun 2016.

Coordinates computed from surveys undertaken after the 14 February 2016 Canterbury earthquake. These should be consistent with any observations made after this earthquake (neglecting any localised deformation such as that due to liquefaction).

For further information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information.

These coordinates are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected. Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.5.33. Stations were constrained using coordinates of distant PositioNZ continuous GNSS stations that were unaffected by the earthquake.

The standard deviations of coordinates are 0.01m horizontally and 0.02m vertically, relative to the PositioNZ network.

Coordinate changes due to the earthquake have been calculated by comparing pre and post-earthquake coordinates. Pre-earthquake coordinates were calculated relative to public and private continuous GNSS stations. These continuous GNSS stations had data processed for several days early in 2016 (before the earthquake). Other pre-earthquake geodetic data was then readjusted with the continuous GNSS data. Note that this means these coordinate changes may differ slightly from those that would be calculated by comparing the post-earthquake coordinates with those currently in the Geodetic Database.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

Layer ID 53322
Data type Vector point
Feature count 149
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Simple

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3324
92
Added
26 Apr 2013

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 26 Apr 2013.

The Canterbury region of New Zealand experienced a sequence of significant earthquakes during 2010 and 2011. These earthquakes occurred on 2010-09-04, 2011-02-22, 2011-06-13 and 2011-12-23. The coordinates in this layer account for all significant movements relating to these, so should be consistent with any observations made after the last earthquake to affect a given area (neglecting localised deformation such as that due to liquefaction).

Users may also be interested in the more comprehensive data in the companion layer Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Comprehensive.

These coordinates are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected. Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.3.61. Stations were constrained using coordinates calculated by GNS Science. Some coordinates were calculated from data provided by Christchurch City Council. No precise levelling data has been used.

The estimated accuracy is 0.02m horizontally and 0.03m vertically.

The deformation model igns2011_working.grd calculated from a model (v4) provided by GNS Science on 28 April 2011 was used to remove secular deformation.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

For further information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 51589
Data type Vector point
Feature count 719
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Height Conversion Index

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

2967
98
Updated
09 Aug 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 09 Aug 2016.

This index enables users to identify the extent of the relationship grids provided on LDS, which are used to convert heights provided in terms of one of 13 historic local vertical datums to NZVD2016.

The polygons comprising the index show the extent of the conversion grids.

Users can view the following polygon attributes:
Shape_VDR: Vertical Datum Relationship grid area
LVD: Local Vertical Datum
Control: Number of control marks used to compute the relationship grid
Mean: Mean vertical datum relationship value at control points
Std: Standard deviation of vertical datum relationship value at control points
Min: Minimum vertical datum relationship value at control points
Max: Maximum vertical datum relationship value at control points
Range: Range of vertical datum relationship value at control points
Ref: Reference control mark for the local vertical datum
Ref_value: Vertical datum relationship value at the reference mark
Grid: Formal grid id

Users should note that the values represented in this dataset have been calculated with the outliers excluded. These same outliers were excluded during the computation of the relationship grids, but were included when calculating the 95% confidence intervals
More information on converting heights between vertical datums can be found on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 53419
Data type Vector polygon
Feature count 13
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed
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