This dataset provides title information (excluding ownership) where there is a relationship to one or more primary parcels.
A Record of Title is a record of a property's owners, legal description and the rights and responsibilities registered against the title.
This dataset does not contain any ownership information so that it can be freely distributed. If ownership information is required, see the [NZ Property Title Including Owners](https://data.linz.govt.nz/layer/50805) and [NZ Property Title Owners](https://data.linz.govt.nz/layer/50806) datasets. Note: these are restricted access datasets and require you to agree to the [LINZ Licence for Personal Data](https://www.linz.govt.nz/data/licensing-and-using-data/linz-licence-for-personal-data).
There can be multiple parcels associated with a title, and a title may only have a part share in a parcel. This means the shape representing the title will be an aggregation of all parcels that the title is associated with. The ‘spatial extents shared’ attribute when equal to ‘false’ will indicate that title has exclusive interest over all of the shape (this will be case for the vast majority).
The originating data for parcel/title associations includes some non-official sources where the official data does not support a link. For more information see the [LINZ website](http://www.linz.govt.nz/about-linz/linz-data-service/dataset-information/cadastral-titles-data)
The function of the Registrar-General of Land is to provide a system, whereby the ownership of land can be legally evidenced, under which dealings with it can be effected and recorded.
From the earliest days of colonisation, offices have existed in New Zealand for the registration of instruments affecting land. To enable a record of ownership of land to be kept the Land Registration Ordinance was passed by the Legislative Council of New Zealand on 28th December 1841. This provided for the setting up of Deeds Registry Offices and prescribed the method of registering Crown Grants and other Private Deeds relating to Land. The system is generally known as Deeds Registration System or Deeds System for short.
The Deeds System with modifications continued until the Land Registry Act 1860 was promulgated. After a number of amendments it was replaced by the Land Transfer System (LT Act 1870 and subsequent acts). This is sometimes called the Torrens System, after its originator in South Australia. Since the 1870 all registration takes place under the Land Transfer System. The Land Transfer System provides a simple method of registration and in addition, titles issued under it are guaranteed by the State. The first digital data was created by the Land Titles Office (a division of the Justice Department) in the late 1980s - early 90s. This data formed the electronic land transfer journal and a titles index (Land Title Link). The LTO was amalgamated with DOSLI and finally LINZ. As Landonline was rolled out, the paper titles were converted into digital computer registers. The titles conversion project converted 1.8 million "live" titles and imaged 2 million instruments. Certificate of Titles were replaced by Computer Registers. Both have since been replaced by Record of Title, with the commencement of the Land Transfer Act 2017.