Geographic name holds the proper noun of certain objects within the Topo databases. Geographic_name does not apply to roads, railway lines, or descriptive text - eg 'Brunner Mine' would be a Geographic_name but 'mine disused' is held in the descriptive_text feature
Data Dictionary for geographic_name: http://apps.linz.govt.nz/topo-data-dictionary/index.aspx?page=class-geographic_name
This layer is a component of the Topo50 map series. The Topo50 map series provides topographic mapping for the New Zealand mainland, Chatham and New Zealand's offshore Islands, at 1:50,000 scale.
Further information on Topo50: http://www.linz.govt.nz/topography/topo-maps/topo50
LINZ and our predecessors have been responsible for national topographic mapping in New Zealand for more than a hundred years.
The first digital data at 1:50,000 was created in the late 80's and early 90's by scanning the 1:50,000 maps that existed at the time (known as the NZMS 260 series, which replaced the imperial NZMS 1 series at 1inch to 1 mile)
The raw data was created by photogrammetrists who from 1974 to 1997 mapped the country from overlapping pairs of aerial photographs. Cartographers then took the data and added symbols and text, and created the colour separations needed to produce the printed maps.
In 2009 and 2010 LINZ used satellite imagery and data supplied from the Department of Conservation to update the offshore islands data. Printed maps (in hardcopy and digital form) in are also available.