This layer details the movement of survey marks due to the Canterbury Earthquake Sequence (CES). The movements include the impact of 5 major earthquakes on 4 September 2010, 22 February 2011, 13 June 2011, 23 December 2011 and 14 February 2016.
Note that these movements apply only at the survey mark. Nearby land may have moved differently, especially in areas impacted by substantial shallow ground movement.
For further earthquake information, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.
Movements do not include the regular tectonic movement (not related to earthquakes) of approximately 5cm per year.
As well as Christchurch, the data covers Lyttelton, Spencerville, Kaiapoi, Pines Beach, Woodend, Pegasus and Waikuku Beach.
Mark Movement Calculations
Observed mark movements have been calculated from geodetic and cadastral survey data collected at the same physical survey mark before and after the earthquakes. Various filters have been applied to ensure as far as practicable that the movements reflect real-world earthquake-related movements of marks. For example, only non-boundary marks that have been directly measured (rather than adopted) are included.
Modelled mark movements have been calculated using models of the tectonic-scale movements resulting from each earthquake, supplied by GNS Science, supplemented with more detailed modelling carried out by LINZ. These models typically represent deep-seated movement only. They do not include shallow movement, such as that resulting from liquefaction.
Therefore the difference between the post-earthquake observed and post-earthquake modelled position generally represents shallow ground movement. The difference between the post-earthquake modelled and pre-earthquake observed position generally represents deep-seated movement. The difference between the post-earthquake observed position and pre-earthquake observed position represents total movement due to the earthquakes.
The uncertainty of the coordinate changes is 0.1m at a 95% confidence interval.
You may use this work for commercial purposes.
You must attribute the creator in your own works.
|Tags||HAZARDS-Earthquake, LAND-Cadastre, LAND-Geodesy, New Zealand|
|Regions||Waimakariri District, Christchurch City|
|Metadata||Dublin Core, ISO 19115/19139|
|Data type||Vector point||Feature count||8882|
|Attributes||nod_id_post_eq, code_post_eq, name_post_eq, nod_id_pre_eq, code_pre_eq, name_pre_eq, de_mod_obs, dn_mod_obs, hz_mod_obs, bg_mod_obs, de_pre_mod, dn_pre_mod, hz_pre_mod, bg_pre_mod, de_pre_obs, dn_pre_obs, hz_pre_obs, bg_pre_obs|
|Services||Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed|