Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Comprehensive

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

6218
250
Added
26 Apr 2013

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 26 Apr 2013.

The Canterbury region of New Zealand experienced a sequence of significant earthquakes during 2010 and 2011. These earthquakes occurred on 2010-09-04, 2011-02-22, 2011-06-13 and 2011-12-23. This layer contains coordinates computed from GNSS fast static and network RTK surveys undertaken after the Canterbury earthquakes. It also includes Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 and Christchurch Drainage Datum heights, derived from the GNSS data.

Users may also be interested in the simplified data in the companion layer Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Simple.

These coordinates are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected. Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.3.61. Stations were constrained using coordinates calculated by GNS Science. Some coordinates were calculated from data provided by Christchurch City Council and other public and private organisations. No precise levelling data has been used.

The uncertainty (one standard deviation) is 0.02m horizontally, and 0.03m vertically for NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights. The uncertainty (one standard deviation) of the Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 and Christchurch Drainage Datum heights is 0.05m.

The coordinates calculated prior to 2010-09-04 have been calculated from a combined adjustment including LINZ data and additional data provided by public and private organisations. These coordinates differ from those in the Geodetic Database and more accurately reflect the position of the mark immediately prior to the 2010-09-04 earthquake.

The deformation model igns2011_working.grd calculated from a model (v4) provided by GNS Science on 28 April 2011 was used to remove secular deformation.

Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 heights have been computed from NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights by subtracting NZGeoid2009 geoid heights and adding an offset of 0.47m to bring in terms of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937. Christchurch Drainage Datum (CDD) heights have been computed in the Christchurch area from NZGD2000 ellipsoidal heights by subtracting NZGeoid2009 geoid heights and adding an offset of 0.523m (specifically calculated for Christchurch City) to bring in terms of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 (for Christchurch) and a further offset of 9.04m to bring in terms of CDD.

The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2010-09-04 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Darfield_Sep2010_model_8.5_grid_displacements_calcs.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-02-22 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Feb2011_geodetic_source_model_3.21.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-06-13 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Jun2011_geodetic_source_model_0.4.xls). The model used to estimate whether movements greater than 2cm occurred at a mark (excluding those due to liquefaction or other localised deformation) after the 2011-12-23 earthquake was provided by GNS Science (Chch_Dec2011_geodetic_source_model_0.2.xls).

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

For full information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 51588
Data type Vector point
Feature count 818
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Christchurch Post-EQ Survey-Accurate (SDC) Non-Boundary Coordinates

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

5639
631
Added
22 Feb 2015

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 22 Feb 2015.

For further information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information.

Coordinates computed by adding the effects of deep-seated movement to survey points that had authoritative survey-accurate digital cadastre (SDC) coordinates immediately prior to 4 September 2010 (the first Canterbury earthquake). Marks that did not have SDC status at that time are not included in the dataset. Deep-seated movements were evaluated using the NZGD2000 deformation model.

  • The 'nod_id' column is the Landonline node id. This is the unique identifier for the mark.
  • The 'current_name' column is the Landonline mark name.
  • The 'east_mtpleatm2000' and 'north_mtpleatm2000' columns are the east and north coordinates (metres) in terms of the Mt Pleasant 2000 transverse mercator projection. Rounded to the nearest centimetre.
  • The 'coord_order' column is the Landonline coordinate order immediately prior to 4 September 2010.

The estimated absolute uncertainty of these coordinates is 0.09m at the 95% confidence level.

These coordinates are intended for the use of Licensed Cadastral Surveyors when locating boundaries in Christchurch, in accordance with the Rules for Cadastral Survey 2010 and associated guidance, particularly guidance relating to the earthquakes.

Layer ID 52349
Data type Vector point
Feature count 50181
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Christchurch Post-EQ Survey-Accurate (SDC) Boundary Coordinates

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

5538
541
Added
22 Feb 2015

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 22 Feb 2015.

For further information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information.

Coordinates computed by adding the effects of deep-seated movement to survey points that had authoritative survey-accurate digital cadastre (SDC) coordinates immediately prior to 4 September 2010 (the first Canterbury earthquake). Marks that did not have SDC status at that time are not included in the dataset. Deep-seated movements were evaluated using the NZGD2000 deformation model.

  • The 'nod_id' column is the Landonline node id. This is the unique identifier for the mark.
  • The 'current_name' column is the Landonline mark name. Many boundary marks do not have a name recorded in this dataset, because this information has not been digitally captured.
  • The 'east_mtpleatm2000' and 'north_mtpleatm2000' columns are the east and north coordinates (metres) in terms of the Mt Pleasant 2000 transverse mercator projection. Rounded to the nearest centimetre.
  • The 'coord_order' column is the Landonline coordinate order immediately prior to 4 September 2010.

The estimated absolute uncertainty of these coordinates is 0.09m at the 95% confidence level.

These coordinates are intended for the use of Licensed Cadastral Surveyors when locating boundaries in Christchurch, in accordance with the Rules for Cadastral Survey 2010 and associated guidance, particularly guidance relating to the earthquakes.

Layer ID 52350
Data type Vector point
Feature count 415489
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

NZ Kaikoura Earthquake (14 Nov 2016) Geodetic Marks

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

5378
118
Updated
25 Jan 2017

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 25 Jan 2017.

For further information about this dataset, see the Kaikoura earthquake information.

It is likely that many of these coordinates will be updated multiple times as marks move due to aftershocks and ongoing post-seismic deformation. It is therefore critical that the datum version and coordinate epoch date are recorded with any coordinates sourced from this dataset, along with the date the coordinates were accessed or downloaded.

These coordinates are computed from Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) data and geodetic surveys undertaken after the 14 November 2016 Kaikoura earthquake. They reflect earthquake movements up until the epoch date that is associated with each coordinate. Where possible, coordinates sourced from this dataset for use as control or calibration points in a project should be at the same or similar epochs. If not, post-seismic deformation may mean that new observations or coordinates do not fit well with these coordinates. Coordinates used as control or calibration points should also be well-distributed over the project area, so that any discrepancies resulting from the survey date being significantly different from the coordinate epoch date can be identified. If such discrepancies are identified, it may be necessary to use the LINZ PositioNZ-PP online processing service to generate control coordinates at the same (or nearly the same) epoch as the survey date.

Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.5.48. The origin of non-CORS coordinates is PositioNZ CORS that have been updated to include earthquake movements.

The 95% confidence interval uncertainties of coordinates are 0.02m horizontally and 0.03m vertically, relative to the PositioNZ network, at the epoch specified. In areas experiencing significant ongoing seismic activity, coordinates at the same mark at other epochs may differ by more than these uncertainties.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial positioning activities in the area impacted by the Kaikoura earthquake.

Layer ID 53527
Data type Vector point
Feature count 158
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Simple

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

4894
98
Added
26 Apr 2013

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 26 Apr 2013.

The Canterbury region of New Zealand experienced a sequence of significant earthquakes during 2010 and 2011. These earthquakes occurred on 2010-09-04, 2011-02-22, 2011-06-13 and 2011-12-23. The coordinates in this layer account for all significant movements relating to these, so should be consistent with any observations made after the last earthquake to affect a given area (neglecting localised deformation such as that due to liquefaction).

Users may also be interested in the more comprehensive data in the companion layer Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Comprehensive.

These coordinates are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected. Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.3.61. Stations were constrained using coordinates calculated by GNS Science. Some coordinates were calculated from data provided by Christchurch City Council. No precise levelling data has been used.

The estimated accuracy is 0.02m horizontally and 0.03m vertically.

The deformation model igns2011_working.grd calculated from a model (v4) provided by GNS Science on 28 April 2011 was used to remove secular deformation.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

For further information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 51589
Data type Vector point
Feature count 719
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Canterbury Earthquake Precise-Levelling Heights (2010, 2011)

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

4607
111
Updated
04 Sep 2014

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 04 Sep 2014.

The Canterbury region of New Zealand experienced a sequence of significant earthquakes during 2010 and 2011. These earthquakes occurred on 2010-09-04, 2011-02-22, 2011-06-13 and 2011-12-23. Precise-levelling surveys have been carried out throughout Canterbury and Christchurch to re-establish heights after these earthquakes.

Users may also be interested in the horizontal coordinates derived from GNSS data in the companion layers Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Comprehensive and Canterbury Earthquake Geodetic Marks (2010, 2011) - Simple

Horizontal Accuracy (standard deviation) approx 1m.
Vertical Accuracy of Lyttelton Vertical Datum 1937 heights (standard deviation) 0.005m.

Heights generated from precise levelling data undertaken to a misclose standard (mm) of 5*sqrt(k) where k is the distance in kilometres. Precise levelling in the Christchurch area was undertaken after the 23 December 2011 earthquake. Other areas were levelled after the most recent earthquake to have affected heights in that area. Heights therefore represent the position of marks accounting for all four substantial Canterbury earthquakes.

These heights are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected.
Heights calculated using SNAP v2.3.64.
Heights were constrained using the pre-earthquake heights at geodetic codes AC9B, AFAQ, AG32 and B853. GNSS observations and modelling indicates that the height change of these marks was negligible.
Some heights were calculated from precise levelling data provided by Christchurch City Council.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

For further information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Layer ID 51688
Data type Vector point
Feature count 600
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Canterbury Earthquake Survey Mark Movements

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

4386
117
Added
12 Sep 2016

This dataset was first added to LINZ Data Service on 12 Sep 2016.

This layer details the movement of survey marks due to the Canterbury Earthquake Sequence (CES). The movements include the impact of 5 major earthquakes on 4 September 2010, 22 February 2011, 13 June 2011, 23 December 2011 and 14 February 2016.

Note that these movements apply only at the survey mark. Nearby land may have moved differently, especially in areas impacted by substantial shallow ground movement.

For further earthquake information, see the Canterbury earthquake information on the LINZ website.

Scope

Movements do not include the regular tectonic movement (not related to earthquakes) of approximately 5cm per year.

As well as Christchurch, the data covers Lyttelton, Spencerville, Kaiapoi, Pines Beach, Woodend, Pegasus and Waikuku Beach.

Mark Movement Calculations

Observed mark movements have been calculated from geodetic and cadastral survey data collected at the same physical survey mark before and after the earthquakes. Various filters have been applied to ensure as far as practicable that the movements reflect real-world earthquake-related movements of marks. For example, only non-boundary marks that have been directly measured (rather than adopted) are included.

Modelled mark movements have been calculated using models of the tectonic-scale movements resulting from each earthquake, supplied by GNS Science, supplemented with more detailed modelling carried out by LINZ. These models typically represent deep-seated movement only. They do not include shallow movement, such as that resulting from liquefaction.

Therefore the difference between the post-earthquake observed and post-earthquake modelled position generally represents shallow ground movement. The difference between the post-earthquake modelled and pre-earthquake observed position generally represents deep-seated movement. The difference between the post-earthquake observed position and pre-earthquake observed position represents total movement due to the earthquakes.

Accuracy

The uncertainty of the coordinate changes is 0.1m at a 95% confidence interval.

Layer Attributes

  • nod_id_post_eq: Landonline node id for the latest post-earthquake node (mark)
  • code_post_eq: Geodetic code for the latest post-earthquake node
  • name_post_eq: Mark name for the latest post-earthquake node
  • nod_id_pre_eq: Landonline node id for the pre-earthquake node (mark)
  • code_pre_eq: Geodetic code for the pre-earthquake node
  • name_pre_eq: Mark name for the pre-earthquake node
  • de_mod_obs: East change from modelled post-earthquake to observed post-earthquake position
  • dn_mod_obs: North change from modelled post-earthquake to observed post-earthquake position
  • hz_mod_obs: Horizontal change from modelled post-earthquake to observed post-earthquake position
  • bg_mod_obs: Bearing from modelled post-earthquake to observed post-earthquake position
  • de_pre_mod: East change from observed pre-earthquake to modelled post-earthquake position
  • dn_pre_mod: North change from observed pre-earthquake to modelled post-earthquake position
  • hz_pre_mod: Horizontal change from observed pre-earthquake to modelled post-earthquake position
  • bg_pre_mod: Bearing from observed pre-earthquake to modelled post-earthquake position
  • de_pre_obs: East change from observed pre-earthquake to observed post-earthquake position
  • dn_pre_obs: North change from observed pre-earthquake to observed post-earthquake position
  • hz_pre_obs: Horizontal change from observed pre-earthquake to observed post-earthquake position
  • bg_pre_obs: Bearing from observed pre-earthquake to observed post-earthquake position
Layer ID 53455
Data type Vector point
Feature count 8882
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Canterbury Earthquake (14 Feb 2016) Geodetic Marks

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3152
82
Updated
20 Jun 2016

This dataset was last updated on LINZ Data Service on 20 Jun 2016.

Coordinates computed from surveys undertaken after the 14 February 2016 Canterbury earthquake. These should be consistent with any observations made after this earthquake (neglecting any localised deformation such as that due to liquefaction).

For further information about this dataset, see the Canterbury earthquake information.

These coordinates are only provisional. Analysis is ongoing as further data is collected. Coordinates were calculated using SNAP v2.5.33. Stations were constrained using coordinates of distant PositioNZ continuous GNSS stations that were unaffected by the earthquake.

The standard deviations of coordinates are 0.01m horizontally and 0.02m vertically, relative to the PositioNZ network.

Coordinate changes due to the earthquake have been calculated by comparing pre and post-earthquake coordinates. Pre-earthquake coordinates were calculated relative to public and private continuous GNSS stations. These continuous GNSS stations had data processed for several days early in 2016 (before the earthquake). Other pre-earthquake geodetic data was then readjusted with the continuous GNSS data. Note that this means these coordinate changes may differ slightly from those that would be calculated by comparing the post-earthquake coordinates with those currently in the Geodetic Database.

These coordinates are suitable for use in surveys and other geospatial activities in Canterbury and Christchurch.

Layer ID 53322
Data type Vector point
Feature count 149
Primary key nod_id
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed