Since 1923, New Zealand has maintained its right of sovereignty over the Ross Dependency, an area defined as all islands and territories south of 60 degrees south latitude and between the 160th degree of east longitude and the 150th degree of west longitude
LINZ, in conjunction with the USGS, carried out mapping of the Dry Valleys area and Ross Island in the 1980s and 1990s
In 2007, LINZ expanded the mapping to include the Darwin/Hatherton Glacier region of Antarctica. The purpose of this is to support science taking place in the region as part of the Latitudinal Gradient Project. The data provided is based on ALOS PRISM satellite imagery taken during the 2006/07 season and is supplied in the Darwin Glacier Lambert Conformal Conic 2000 projection. The survey work for this data was undertaken between 2007 and 2010.